Nepal History

Conservation Agriculture, being considered as a suitable technique, was introduced in Nepal in around 1996/97 for controlling soil erosion and enhancing productivity. Under this, NARC (Nepal Agriculture Research Council) and DOA (Department of Agriculture) are working at national, regional and district levels through different programs. CSISA (Cereal Systems Initiative for South Asia) Nepal has been promoting CA based technologies for specific crops like Rice, Maize, Wheat, and Lentil in eastern and mid terai. Similarly, IFAD (International Fund for Agricultural Development) and CIMMYT are also involved in testing and promoting CA technologies in Maize based systems in western terai and adjoining hills of Nepal. The 4-year project named SRFSI is considered most pivotal for developing the CASI technologies in Nepal and disseminating the knowledge to the farmers. DSR (Direct Seeded Rice) and Zero Till in wheat has been initiated in terai districts of Nepal like Chitwan, Bara, Parsa, Nawalparasi, etc. Since the technologies are practiced mainly in research stations, small land holders haven’t adopted it yet.