The elimination of plowing costs, along with reductions in seed inputs decreases the cost of crop production. Even without any increase in production (which is sometimes the case), CA usually reduces costs and thereby increases profits. But when combined with the production increase discussed above, the net economic effect is significant. Of course other crops will also benefit from CA. Similarly, CA could have a major impact on the economic productivity and food security of many countries across the Middle East and North Africa, reducing their reliance on imports to feed their populations.